The air pump is a pump, the formation of a vacuum. It has a great suction power and it is created by the pumping of air or other substances from a closed container. Why the need for such a device, what are the principles of operation, types, and characteristics, how to build a device with his own hands, — all these questions need to be explored.
What instruments are used, and where the
In the modern world, people have a lot of common with the vacuum in the day-to-day life. Such devices are used in the braking of the vehicle, and air conditioning systems. There is a device in order to pump the air out of the package of the food or bulky items.
Bodies are used in a variety of industries:
- Oil and gas production;
- The chemical;
- Electric power;
- The field of agriculture;
- The building.
There are even pumps for men and women, to improve the flow of blood to the various organs. Vacuum devices are used almost everywhere, so their design is different. The main types of such devices are very different. A liquid-ring level prior to all the others, and is now in use.
For this device, you need a constant supply of fluids and electricity.
The vacuum in the chamber formed by the rotation mechanism immersed in the liquid. The rotary vane — the most popular in production. To be used for small, closed systems. The rotary vane pump is mainly composed of 2 video cameras. During operation of the rotor of the air from the one unit is moved to the other side. These pumps are of 2 types – oil-and petroleum-free.
The creation of a hand-held device of the syringe
As a manual mini-pump is a very affordable and easy it will be to collect any man.
To make the device from a syringe, you need to prepare:
- The hospital is the injection molding, possibly more;
- A tube of the same diameter as the tee, and the injection molding;
- 2, the check valve is.
First of all, the flexible plastic tube is cut into 3 pieces and attach to the tee. The one in the tube, attach the syringe, and the other in a two – tank valve.
You can also use the aquarium valves of the same diameter as the tube.
A valve is inserted into the air intake, the other on the issue. The movement of the plunger into the syringe from the container, the air is pumped out. It is also possible to pour water from one container into the second.
The body of the motor pump
His / her own household-a home made out of the ordinary, a car, or a Bicycle pump. The work consists of 4 consecutive steps. Namely:
- Disassembled the device and removed the fabric.
- The cuff is flipped upside down and screwed it back in.
- For transportation, the tube is placed a check-valve.
- At the free end of the valve is to carry a tube, or a tube of durable material.
The essence of the change is that it changes the direction of the shot when you press and hold on the handle reduces the volume of the chamber, and the air escapes through the inverted cuff.
When the big hand of commerce to create a vacuum.
This is a home device, it can be useful at home, for example, when the air in the objects to store in the bag, and the large things without the help of a vacuum cleaner.
On a different compressor
For the transport of large quantities can produce a pump with an electric drive. It's next to impossible to get the pump out of the tank and contained fluid, otherwise the water vapor will rapidly bring the device down. In order for the compressor is interrupted, the system adds the equipment to dehumidify the air.
The manufacturer of the pump by the compressor is divided into 3 stages:
- Removed the the the the the compressor.
- The inlet of the blower attached a tube to suck in air.
- Turn on the device.
The pump with your hands, you can create it with a broken refrigerator or air conditioner. The production procedure is simple and is carried out in several stages. Hacksaw cropped top. Removed the motor from the housing. The copper pipes to make a special tube in addition to a very few in the us.
The upper part of the boot has been replaced with a new one, the smaller the diameter. The cap can be made with the aid of a soldering iron from the brass sheet. Linoleum is sheathed with an insulation.
The pump is equipped with a tubular level-gauge for monitoring the oil level (this can be done by a date, a pen). For a suction fitting attached to the air filter, you are able to use a car. Between the fitting and the filter frame for a system reset excess pressure. Included in the network.
How to make a vacuum pump
A liquid ring vacuum pump creates a powerful vacuum, and is widely used for agricultural machinery. The thing is, due to the immersion of the rotating device in the fluid.
Changing tank compressor, it is not difficult, the design is quite a bit modified:
- Using a screwdriver, unscrewed the mount from the body.
- Training facility, and a disassembled non-return valve.
- The valves are interchanged, and the device will go back.
- The tube is connected to the vacuum region. To eliminate the humidity in the housing is made up of a small hole.
- It sets up the system to the gas outlet of the tube is the right size.
The assembly of the pump takes place in several stages. On the inside of a round drum placed on the blade mechanism. It is set up so that it will not come in contact with the body. The drum is partially filled with water.
Impeller by a motor, begins to rotate, and the fluid under the action of centrifugal forces and fills the pump.
The flow of water occurs from the pipe or tank. Puller removes the bearing. To wear a plate inserted hairpin. When tightening the nut, the push plate to the shaft.
Details of the decision of the station with their hands
The main advantages of the membrane-piston pump is in its universality and in the absence of noise. A vacuum is forced under the influence of the piston. In a Cam-driven device, a vacuum is created in the 2 main parts of the mechanism — "jaws", rotating in relation to each other.
With these pumps you do not need to take a dip, causing you to have poor performance and require replacement of parts.
The vacuum pump can be done independently, with the help of a medical injection molding, automated, or a pump, an electric compressor, the compressor from a refrigerator compressor from the tank. To select a particular option, in order to begin to identify where and why you would use it.
The pump is made up of several different parts:
- The plastic light bulb with a sealing cuff, which is inserted into the stock.
- A mechanism that would create a vacuum of air transport.
- The rubber tube connecting the pump with the bulb.
The stem is inserted into the inside of the bulb, the air is evacuated and a vacuum is created. This leads to an increased protection of the air. To run it press the air valve is released, or the hole covered with your finger.
The store has options for a variety of pump configurations. However, such a pump-you can easily make your own from scrap materials. Getting to the bulb of the desired size (you can make a pastry syringe or a plastic bottle), 2 bore holes. One of the hole using a sealant or glue is being connected to the pipe (silicone, rubber, or from a dropper). On the second hole of the sealing cuff is attached, which ensures the integrity of, and does not allow you to hurt him. With the aid of a gasket transition tube connected with the pump.
If you would like to use a vacuum pump you could save a lot of money, the collection of a unit of its own. However, its creation will take a lot of time and effort. For the manufacture of the device with your hands is sometimes enough to take advantage of the benefits of already existing source material. What type will be selected, will directly depend on the complexity of the work and methods of the use of the instrument.